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  • A Harshad Mehta Story (Scam 1992)

    Rohit Sharma 4 Nov 2020

    After the release of the web series named Scam 1992, the one name which is trending in India is Harshad Mehta. Now, Who Harshad Mehta is? What he did exactly? In this article, we will explain about him in brief. 

    One of the biggest scams that strikes hard to India in 1992 by Harshad Mehta AKA “Big Bull” of India. Harshad Mehta was born in a middle-class Jain family of Gujrat in 1954 and spent his childhood in Mumbai. He completed his Bachelor’s in commerce from Lajpatrai College in Mumbai. Harshad tried his luck in many jobs like a diamond, accountant, etc.he found his major fortune in the Indian stock market only. Mr. Mehta started his career after graduation as a salesman in the New India Assurance Company (NIACL). After a few years of hustle and after not getting the geek he showed his interest in the share market and joined a brokerage firm B.Ambalal & Sons where he worked as a jobber for the broker P. D. Shukla. As time passes people start recognizing him as Amitabh Bachan of the Stock market. In 1984, Harshad Mehta started his brokerage firm and named it Growmore Research and Asset Management. 

    He actively started his trading in the market in 1986 and by the year 1990, people started joining him and they were investing with his firm. In the mean years, he got some big shot clients like then minister Mr. P. Chidambaram. After getting a veteran in the market he started to manipulate the market, he manipulated the share price of Associated Cement Company (ACC) from Rs.200 to Rs.9000 in nearly just 3 months. 

    Now the question is where the scam started?

    Till 1990, banks were not allowed to invest in the equity markets. Yes, they were expected to post profits and retain a certain ratio (threshold) of their assets in the Government’s fixed interest Bonds. Mr. Mehta smartly brought the capital out of the banking window and pumped this money into the share market. He promised the banks a higher rate of interest than the normal ongoing. He asked them to transfer the amount into his account, under the belief of buying securities for them from other banks. At that time, a bank had to go through a broker to buy securities and forward bonds from other banks. Mehta got the idea from there only to use this money temporarily into his account to buy shares. Now he started to boost the price of certain shares of good already established companies like (ACC, Sterlite Industries, and Videocon ) when the market cruise on its best he Eventually sells the shares and passes on a part of the proceeds to the bank and keeps the rest into his pocket.

    To carry out the scam, the deliveries of security and payment were made through the help of the broker only, for example, one seller handed over the security to the broker and now the broker pass them to the buyer and the buyer gave the cheque to the broker, now the broker made the payment to the seller. The buyer and the seller would not even know who they had traded with, the broker is going to be the only mediator between these two

    Another instrument used in a big way was the Bank Receipt (BR). The confirmation of security sale is the BR, it's like a receipt received by the selling bank. i.e. the seller of securities gave the buyer of the securities a BR. A BR promises to deliver the securities to the buyer and also states that, in the meantime, the seller holds the securities in the trust of the buyer. Mehta cleverly found a bank that was providing him the fake BR or BRs not backed by any government securities. Too small and not very well known banks – the Bank of Karad (BOK) and the Metropolitan Co-operative Bank (MCB) – came in handy for this purpose. Once these fake BRs were issued, once the money was invested in the share market and was sold in profits, he returned the money to the banks.

    This was all the tricks MR. Mehta was using it to boost the market and people started calling him the “Big Bull” of Dalal Street, this all kept on going for a long time until Sucheta Dalal showed her interest in it.

    Sucheta Dallas was a Young enthusiastic financial journalist, she got the tip about the SBI BR frauds. Sachet kept on digging about this and found all the scams of Harshad Mehta. 

    On 23rd April 1992, journalist Sucheta Dalal exposed the illegal ways of Harshad Mehta in Times of India about how Mr. Mehta was using the bank money into the share market.

    Just after the article Banks realizes that they were holding the BRs of no value at all. The chairman of Vijaya Bank committed suicide after the scam exposer came out, who was found guilty of having issued checks to Mehta and knew that he will lose all the reputation which he earned in the market.

    One late night under custody in Thane prison MR. Harshad Mehta. He complained of chest pain and was admitted to the Thane Civil Hospital. He died with the following pain, at the age of 47, on 31st December 2001, he left behind the biggest scam of the Indian finance history. 

    This man was the Harshad Mehta from a basic middle-class family who dreamed of a big house and dived into the ocean of the finance market and brought the tornado into that ocean. People built their fortune with Mr. Mehta, but in the end, he was the culprit and journalist Sucheta Dalal brought the light on to his scams of more than Rs 4000 crore.

     

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  • What are Industry Analysis and Company Analysis in Equity Stock Market

    Deepak Sharma 27 Oct 2020

    Industry Analysis in Stock market

    Michael Porter’s Five Force Model for Industry Analysis

    Horizontal Forces

    Threat of Substitutes

    The threat of New Entrants

    The threat of Established Rivals

    Vertical Forces:

    Bargaining Power of Suppliers

    Bargaining Power of Customers 

    Barriers to entry (threat of new entrants):

    Entry barriers in an industry can be understood by following simple industry characteristics.

    They would be high if:

    There are lots of licensing required in the business

    Patents and copyrights prevent new entrants

    Huge investments in specialized assets pose a challenge

    Strong Brands, strong distribution network, specialized execution capabilities, customer loyalty with existing products/services exist in the business.

    Attractive Industry from the Equity shareholders’ perspective:

    Low competition

    High barriers to entry

    Weak suppliers’ bargaining power

    Weak buyers’ bargaining power

    Few substitutes

    Pestle Analysis

    Pestle Analysis stands for Political, Economic, Socio-cultural, Technological, Legal, and Environmental Analysis for investment in Stock Market. Some models also extend this to include Ethics and Demographics, thus modifying the acronym to STEEPLED. This analysis is done more from the perspective of a business that is looking to set up a unit offshore and analyzing several countries to choose from in the share market. This model primarily analyses the external environmental factors that will act as influencers for a business.

    Boston Consulting Group (BCG) Analysis

    Stars: These are segments in a business where the market is growing rapidly and the company is having a large market share. This segment generates increasing cash for the business with the passage of time. Cera Sanitary ware could be a good example of a “star” with a large market share, continuous growth, and significant cash generation.

    Cash Cows: These are segments that require low cash infusion for investment to maintain market shares because of low growth prospects but at the same time steadily generate cash for the company from the established market share. Navneet Publications, which is into the business of books and notebooks, could be a good example of a “cash cow”. The industry grows at a predictable and steady rate each year.

    Question Marks Business segments in a fast-growing market but having a low market share. The right strategies and investments can help the market share of the business grow, but they also run the risk of consuming cash in the process of increasing market share and in the end turning out to be not enough cash generating. Tata Nano can be considered as an example of a question mark, which did not succeed; whereas, Bajaj Pulsar may be considered as an example of a question mark product that succeeded.

    Dogs: Business segments, which have slow growth rates and intensive competitive dynamics that lead to the low generation of cash are categorized as Dogs.

     

    Key Industry Drivers for Various Sectors in share Market:

    Telecom: A key parameter while analyzing this sector is the Average Revenue Per Unit (ARPU). It is calculated by total revenue divided by the number of subscribers and the higher it is, the better for the company. It must be noted that India has amongst the lowest ARPUs in the world. Other parameters like mobile penetration and spectrum costs are also important for the Telecom industry.

     IT/ BPO/ KPO: The IT sector in India grew primarily due to a large available pool of English speaking young talent at a low cost. IT companies earned in Dollars and spent in Rupees and made huge profits. Even today, the USDINR rate, the attrition rate among employees, the concentration of revenues with selected clients, the concentration of geographies, etc. are important parameters to watch out for in IT and related sectors.

    Retail: The retail sector saw a huge jump in the first decade of the new millennium. Retail store formats rely on low-cost procurement of goods from manufacturers and selling it on wafer-thin margins to a large number of people.

    Banking/ NBFC/ Housing: Monetary Policy by the RBI is the single largest impacting factor for this sector. NPA levels, provisioning norms, tight/loose regulatory reserve requirements all impact banks, and NBFCs.

    Media: Any media company depends upon content, hence a company generating its own content will have an advantage over others. Distribution companies would almost always be under pressure as there is intense competition in the sector and content providers to media companies would be charging a premium. Television Rating Points (TRPs) are the most widely tracked indicator in electronic media.

    COMPANY ANALYSIS 

    Qualitative Dimensions for Investments

    What does the company do and how does it do?

    Who are the customers and why do customers buy those products and services?

    How does the company serve these customers?

    There are over 6000 companies listed on Indian exchanges. It is not possible to track and understand all of them. Investors should consider buying shares of a few companies they understand rather than invest in a number of companies they don’t understand. Quoting Warren Buffet: Wide diversification is only required when investors do not understand what they are doing.

    Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats (SWOT) Analysis

    Every business has its own strengths and weaknesses. It is good for the analysts to clearly understand and document both of these to have a clear picture of the situation. Similarly, opportunities for the business and potential risks to the business can be documented by the analysts in the form of opportunities and threats. In a way, SWOT analysis is nothing but a way of documenting strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats in one place in a concise manner.

    Sources of Information for Analysis

    Annual/Quarterly reports - Most easily available, reliable and consistent source of information

    Conference Call transcripts

    Investor Relation (or Company) Presentations

    Management interviews on the internet

    Company website

    Ministry of Corporate Affairs website

    Research Report from Credit Rating Companies

    Research Report from various other sources – media reports

    Parent Company’s annual report and website

    Competitors’ website including international competitors

    Print media reports on companies

    Discussion with suppliers, vendors, consumers, and competitors 


     

     

     

     

     

     

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  • What is the Secondary Market and Role of Market Participants?

    Deepak Sharma 26 Sep 2020

    What is the Secondary Market and Role of Market Participants?

     

    How does the Public Issue of Debt Securities take place?

    • The issue of debt securities is regulated by the provisions of the Companies Act and SEBI (Issue and Listing of Debt Securities) Regulations, 2008.

    • A public issue of debt securities is possible by a company registered as a public limited company under the Companies Act, 2013. 

    • An unlisted company,  a company that has not made an initial public offer of its shares and listed the shares on a stock exchange, can still make a public issue of debentures and list them on a stock exchange.

    • The company files an offer document with SEBI and the Registrar of Companies which gives all the material information of the issue. 

     

    1. Dematerialization

    2. Coupon Rate

    3. Debenture Trustees

    4. Debenture Redemption Reserve

    5. Creation of Security

     

    What are the other methods of Issuing Securities other than Public issue?

    Private Placements in Equity and Debt

     

    • Private placement of securities is an offer made by a company to a select group of investors such as financial institutions, banks, and mutual funds. The advantage of the private placement as a way to issue securities and raise funds comes from the following:

    • Investors are better informed and there are fewer regulatory compliances in issuances to them.

    • Issuing securities are less time consuming and cost-efficient since there are fewer procedures to be followed.

    Qualified Institutional Placement

    • Qualified institutional placement (QIP) is a private placement of shares made by a listed company to certain identified categories of investors known as Qualified Institutional Buyers (QIBs). 

    • To be eligible to make such placement the shares of the company should have been listed on the stock exchange for a period at least one year before the notice of such an issue is given. 

    • QIBs include financial institutions, mutual funds, and banks among others.

    Institutional Placement Program (IPP)

     

    • An Institutional Placement Program is the issuance of fresh shares by a company or an offer for sale by a promoter to QIBs to meet the minimum shareholding requirement specified by stock exchanges in their listing requirements.

    • The company will specify a floor price or a price band for the bidding at least one day before the offer opens. 

    • The issue will remain open for a minimum period of one day and a maximum of two days.

     

    Issue of Specified Securities by Small and Medium Enterprises (SME)

    • A small and medium enterprise is defined as an issuer whose post-issue face value capital does not exceed Rs.10 crore and issuers whose capital exceeds Rs. 10 crores but not Rs. 25 crores.

    • The minimum application size shall not be less than Rs. 1 lakh.

    • A company whose shares are listed on a stock exchange and whose post-issue face value capital does not exceed Rs.25 crores may migrate the shares to an SME exchange after passing a special resolution to this effect.

     

    What are the Functions of Secondary Markets?

    • Liquidity - Secondary markets provide liquidity and marketability to existing securities. Investors can exit or enter any listed security by transacting in the secondary markets.

    • Price Discovery - Secondary markets enable price discovery of traded securities. The price at which investors undertake to buy or sell transactions reflects the individual assessment of investors about the fundamental worth of the security. The continuous flow of price data allows investors to identify the market price of equity shares. 

    • Information Signaling: This information-signaling function of prices works like a continuous monitor of issuing companies, and in turn forces issuers to improve profitability and performance. Efficient markets are those in which market prices of securities reflect all available information about the security.

    • Indicating Economic Activity: Secondary market trading data is used to generate benchmark indices that are widely tracked in the country. Movements in the index represent the overall market direction. 

    • The market for Corporate Control: Stock markets function as markets for efficient governance by facilitating changes in corporate control.  Potential acquirers could acquire a significant portion of the target firm’s shares in the market, take over its board of directors, and improve its market value by providing better governance.

     

    How is the Secondary Market Structure and Participants of it?

    The secondary market consists of the following participants:

    • Stock exchanges – entities that provide infrastructure for trading in securities.

    • Investors – individuals and institutions that buy and sell securities

    • Issuers - companies that issue securities

    • Financial intermediaries – firms that facilitate secondary market activity

    • Regulator – authority that oversees activities of all participants in the market

     

    • Stock Exchange:

    The core component of any secondary market is the stock exchange. The stock exchange provides a platform for investors to buy and sell securities from each other in an organized and regulated manner. The two leading stock exchanges in India are the BSE and the NSE.

    • Investors

     If investors buy and sell shares among themselves, such trades are called “off-market” and do not enjoy the benefits of regulatory and redressal provisions of the law. In order to get a competitive price and liquid markets in which transactions can be completed efficiently, investors come to the stock exchange through their brokers.

     

    • Issuers

    Issuers are companies and other entities that seek admission for their securities to be listed on the stock exchange. Equity shares, corporate bonds, and debentures as well as securities issued by the government are admitted to trading on stock exchanges. 

    • Secondary market transactions have three distinct phases: trading, clearing, and settlement.

    • The clearing is the process of identifying what is owed to the buyer and seller in a trading transaction and settlement is the mechanism of settling the obligations of counterparties in a trade.

    • Clearing corporation: The National Securities Clearing Corporation Ltd (NSCCL) is the clearinghouse for trades done on the NSE, the Indian Clearing Corporation Ltd (ICCL) is the clearinghouse for BSE and MCX-SX Clearing Corporation Ltd. (MCX-SXCCL) is the clearinghouse for MCX-SX.

    • Depositories and Depository Participants: It should be held in an electronic or dematerialized form. 

    • National Securities Depository Ltd (NSDL) and Central Depository Services Ltd (CDSL) are the two depositories in India. Investors have to open Demat accounts with depository participants (DPs), who are banks, brokers or other institutional providers of this service, to be able to trade in their securities.

    • Custodians

    Custodians are institutional intermediaries, who are authorized to hold funds and securities on behalf of large institutional investors such as banks, insurance companies, mutual funds, and foreign institutional investors (FIIs).

    • Regulation

    Secondary markets are regulated under the provisions of the Securities Contract Regulations Act, 1956 and SCR (Rules), 1957. SEBI is authorized by law to implement the provisions of this act and its rules. It has empowered stock exchanges to administer portions of the regulation pertaining to trading, membership, and listing.

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  • What is Elliott Wave Theory and its Importance in Swing Trading?

    Umesh Sharma 15 Sep 2020

    Elliott Wave Theory is one of the most renowned theories in technical analysis.this was developed by Ralph Nelson Elliot. This theory speaks about Waves (patterns). Elliot believed that mass psychology depicts the same recurring patterns in the financial markets. He discovered the underlying social principles and developed the analytical tools in the 1930s. Elliott stated that "because man is subject to rhythmical procedure, calculations having to do with his activities can be projected far into the future with a justification and certainty"

    Elliott developed his market model theory before he realized that it also reflects the Fibonacci sequence. The Fibonacci sequence is also closely connected to the golden ratio of retracement and extension (1.618). Intraday and Swing Traders commonly use this ratio and related ratios in sequence as to establish support and resistance levels for market waves, ideally, it signals the price points which help define the parameters of an uptrend or downtrend.

     

    The Elliott Wave theory infers that layman trader’s psychology, or herd psychology moves between optimism and pessimism which occurs in natural sequences. These mood swings or behavior can be created in the form of patterns which show as an evidence in the price movements of markets at every degree of the trend either uptrend or downtrend or multiple time scale. This theory helps a swing trader to identify longer duration trade setup with signals of resumption, termination of an uptrend, downtrend, correction and extension of the trend.

    Elliott's final major work isNature's Law --The Secret of the Universe, which was published in June 1946, two years before his death.

    Elliott Wave Theory was popularized in the seventies by Robert Prechter and A.J.Frost with their book " Elliott Wave Principle"

    He speaks about waves in 5-3 moves, wherein five waves move in an upward direction of the main trend, known as impulse and three waves move in the corrective phase. These 3 moves are also referred to as ABC. The completed motive patterns include 89 waves, followed by a completed corrective pattern of 55 waves. This theory helps in gauging the upward trend and the corrections that are likely to happen in the future with very high probability.

    The classification of the wave at any degree can vary slightly however standard order of degree or duration would be approximately:

    Grand Super cycle: It can be of multi century (which historically not yet tested in swing trading as no data sets available in financial markets before 19th Century)

    Super cycle: It can be of Multi Decade (again reliability cannot be justified with datasets available given the fact that for any strategy to be tested in trading we need to have backtesting datasets of at least 4 to 5 times)

    Intermediate Cycle: The duration can range from a few weeks to a month which is majorly used or can be deployed by swing traders practically as the other cycles discussed before need extreme discipline and a very high degree of patience. Excuse Me!!! Markets test your patience and to work on Cycle or Super Cycle a trader himself knows how much discipline one needs to have to work on extremely long duration timeframes. Sometimes we need to be practical and realistic in approach. 

    Minor Cycle: The duration cycle can be of a week 

    Minute Cycle:  The duration will be of days and can be used by traders and can be deployed for a day or two

    Minuette Cycle: The duration will be of an hour and can be used by an intraday trader

    Subminuette: The duration will be of an hour and can be used by a scalper who wants to take trade setup for a few minutes of shorter durations.

     

     

    Every wave serves one of two functions: action or reaction. Specifically, a wave may either advance the cause of the wave of one larger degree or interrupt it. The function of a wave is determined by its relative direction. An actionary or trend wave is any wave that trends in the same direction as the wave of one larger degree of which it is a part. A reactionary or countertrend wave is any wave that trends in the direction opposite to that of the wave of one larger degree of which it is part. Actionary waves are labeled with odd numbers and letters. Reactionary waves are labeled with even numbers and letters.

     

    All reactionary waves develop in corrective mode. If all actionary waves developed in motive mode, then there would be no need for different terms. Indeed, most actionary waves do subdivide into five waves. However, as the following sections reveal, a few actionary waves develop in corrective mode, i.e., they subdivide into three waves or a variation thereof. Detailed knowledge of pattern construction is required before one can draw the distinction between actionary function and motive mode, which in the underlying model introduced so far are indistinct.

    The following are the advantages of trading with Elliott wave theory in swing trading:

    1. Wave analysis identifies the trend

    2. It signal resumption of the trend

    3. It identifies the termination of the trend

    4. It provides a High probability risk reward ratio trade setup in swing trading

    5. It provides specific exit points when the trade setup fails.

    6. It identifies countertrend move within the trend

     

    We also have full fledge training programme for Elliott Wave Theory click here

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  • Advanced Technical Analysis Concepts by NIWS

    Umesh Sharma 12 Sep 2020

    Technical Analysis

     

    “Stock Market is Fire, Rules, Tools, and Strategy are Gasoline to win the game”

    Technical analysis is a method used to predict future prices on the basis of historical price, volume, and open interest. Technical analysis can help investors anticipate what is "likely" to happen in the coming days, weeks, or months. Technical analysis is the study of past data to predict the future. The past data which we study will be of price and volume to analyze the future price action.

    For example:

    When someone visits a Palmist, he studies the lines in our hand and based on the analysis which he has studied by analyzing the lines in the past will help him to predict the future which means history tends to repeat itself which means that to predict the future one needs to have the past data which is called analysis.

    Technical analysis is applicable to stocks, commodities, futures, indices, or any tradable instrument where the price is influenced by the forces of supply and demand i.e. volumes. To analyze a stock or commodity we need information like prices, volumes, and open interest on a chart and applying various patterns and indicators to it in order to assess the future price movements. Price refers to any combination of the open, high, low, or closes for a given security over a specific time frame. The time frame can be based on intraday (1-minute, 5-minutes, 10-minutes, 15-minutes, 30-minutes, or hourly), daily, weekly, or monthly price data, and last a few hours or many years. In addition, some technical analysts include volume or open interest figures with their study of price action. The study is done with the help of candlestick charts and patterns.

     What is Layman Trader Phycology?

    In stock market trading the fact is that 98% of traders lose money and 2% traders make money. Trading is a zero-sum game which means 2% of the traders take away 98% of traders’ money. This 2% of traders have huge money flow and news flow and in a technical language, they are called the operators of the market. In the short term demand and supply plays an important role compared to fundamental aspects which is the basic essence of trading. When the layman trader (98% of them) enters into the trade on the buy-side or sell-side based on the news flow created by the market for short term trading the demand/supply created by them is fulfilled by the 2% operator. The real Game Begins Now! The price will now move against the 98% layman traders and it will continuously move opposite till the time the entire 98% trader’s capital is wiped out.

    “ Market always move anticlockwise of layman traders”

    One should always remember to fly the kite in the direction of the wing. The trend is the best friend of the trader. Change in the trend of the market needs a change in the behaviour of a trader because you need to flow with the market and cannot win no matter what when you try to go against the market. 

    A layman trader does not always sit in the wrong trade but he is not able to reap the entire profits when he is in the profitable trade and wipes out his entire capital when he is in the wrong trade because he doesn’t have a proper entry, exit plan, and stop-loss when the trade or the price action is against him. Further, the market tries to manipulate you by its action and try to enforce a traders' phycology to enter into a wrong trade and play with emotions and human psychology.  

    For example:

    In the game of Cricket, when a batsman hits the first two balls of a bowler out of the court ‘SIX! SIX!,  the bowler psychology changes, and instead of trying to bowl him out he tries to finish the next four balls as a DOT. The batsman takes advantage of this change in emotions and scores more in the same over. Similarly, a trader enters into the trade when the market opens to make a profit but when he loses money in the first trade due to wrong trade setup than his phycology changes and instead of entering a proper trade setup for making a profit he tries to recover his loss which is the change in psychology and behavior which is called emotions. 

    “ There should not be any Emotions when you are in  Trading” 

    How technical analysis helps you in trading?

     Technical analysis helps a stock market trader to enter into the trade with a proper entry plan of how to select a stock and helps a trader to have a proper exit plan in not only the profitable trades but also an exit plan in his wrong trade setup. Further, it indicates when a trader should try to maximize his profits with the help of tools and indicators when the volumes are supporting the price. Practice and Patience is the key to success in trading.

    “Tools, Rules, and Strategy is the key to success in Trading in Stock Market”, Stock Market is like a game of Chess”. A trader needs to have a proper strategy for his intraday/swing trading with money management and he needs to have the data of price and volume for the study and analysis to win big in stock market trading.

    Trading is not a team game it's a One Man Show! A perfect Trader is the one who has the proper strategy to take 

    What is the basic Assumption of Technical Analysis?

    Price Discounts Everything:

    Technical analysts believe that the current price fully reflects all information. Because all information is already reflected in the price, it represents the fair value and should form the basis for analysis.

    After all, the market price reflects the sum of knowledge of all participants, including traders, investors, portfolio managers, buy-side analysts, sell-side analysts, market strategists, technical analysts, fundamental analysts, and many others. 

    Technical analysis assumes that, at any given time, a stock's price reflects everything that has or could affect the company - including fundamental factors. Technical analysts believe that the company's fundamentals, along with broader economic factors and market psychology, are all priced into the stock, removing the need to actually consider these factors separately. This only leaves the analysis of price movement, which technical theory views as a product of the supply and demand for a particular stock in the market.

    The market price reflects the sum knowledge of all participants, including traders, investors, portfolio managers, buy-side analysts, sell-side analysts, market strategists, technical analysts, fundamental analysts, and many others.

     

    Price Movements Are Not Totally Random:

    Most technicians agree that prices trend. However, most technicians also acknowledge that there are periods when prices do not trend. If prices were always random, it would be extremely difficult to make money using technical analysis.

    A technician believes that it is possible to identify a trend, invest, or trade based on the trend and make money as the trend unfolds. Because technical analysis can be applied to many different time frames, it is possible to spot both short-term and long-term trends. Most technical trading strategies are based on this assumption. “Trade with the trend” is the basic logic behind the technical analysis. 

    What Is More Important than Why :

    A technical analyst knows the price of everything, but the value of nothing.

    Technicians, as technical analysts are called, are only concerned with two things:

    1: What is the current price?

    2: What is the history of the price movement?

    All of you will agree that the value of any asset is only what someone is willing to pay for it. Who needs to know why? By focusing just on price and nothing else, the technical analysis represents a direct approach. The price is the final result of the fight between the forces of supply and demand for any tradable instrument.

    The principles of technical analysis are universally applicable. The principles of support, resistance, trend, trading range, and other aspects can be applied to any chart. Technical analysis can be used for any time horizon; for any marketable instrument like stocks, futures, and commodities, fixed-income securities, forex, etc.

    This may sound easy that we can generate calls by using principle rules, technical analysis is by no means easy. Success requires serious study, dedication, and an open mind.

    Step by step analysis of any stock or commodity:

    1: Overall Trend

    2: Support and Resistance

    3: Buying and Selling Pressure

    4: Relative Strength

    Technical analysis uses a top-down approach to investing.

    For each stock, an investor would analyze long-term and short-term charts.

    Consider the overall market, most probably the index which is called market behavior.

    If the market is in bullish mode then select the particular sector then select the stocks.

     

    Supply, Demand, and Price Action:

    Many technicians use the open, high, low, and close when analyzing the price action of a security. There is information to be gleaned from each bit of information.

    Separately, these will not be able to tell much. However, taken together, the open, high, low, and close reflect forces of supply and demand.

     

    “ The effort and toil given in your practice and training will help a soldier to save his blood when he is in war!”

     

     

     

     

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  • 5 myths about mutual funds.

    Rohit Sharma 31 Aug 2020

    Five myths about mutual funds  

    1-Mutual funds are full of risk.

    In the long run, we have learned from our friends, family, and relatives that investing in mutual funds is very risky. Yes, it is risky but if we have the best knowledge of investing then we won't feel any collapse, the same applies in the mutual funds the moment we invest in it we get the financial managers who handle our investment wisely. 

    The mutual fund gives us a safe opportunity to invest in the market we get to see the brighter side of the market through this. A mutual fund is a subject to risk, but they invest the money in parts to the best companies of the market through this. So it is not that full of risk how people think about it.

    2-You need lots of money to start.

    Earlier, we saw that people are making the wrong perception that mutual funds are full of risk, however, they also make erroneous thinking that you need a lot of money to start investing in mutual funds.

    You can start an investment in mutual funds as low as Rs 500 in an equity-linked saving scheme (ELSS) or Rs 1000 every month in systematic investment plans (SIPs).

    These are the lowest price you can start investing within mutual funds, a middle-class family man can also invest in the mutual funds without troubling their financial chart, with this they can invest to grow into the market and this again breaks this myth that you need a big amount to start investing into the market.

    3- You need a master's knowledge of the market to invest.

    It's again a misconception, people tend to have this in their mind that they need a master's knowledge to start investing in mutual funds before you invest. You get the full guidance of the company's experts to pick up the best of the market. They explain to you everything about the share.

    The finance expert always provides you with the best knowledge of the market with their experience, with the help of them you can invest wisely and grow your fortune with it. With the guidance of the expert, you can learn from them and grab the knowledge.

    4-You need the Demat account to invest in Mutual funds.

    Although It is beneficial for you to have a Demat account, that doesn't mean that you need a Demat account to start investing in mutual funds.there are so many online distributors who provide you the funds with the best knowledge of investment, you will get all the guidelines from them about the mutual funds.

     apart from that, you can get it directly from the fund house. From there you can buy it directly along the side they will provide you the mutual fund from their parameters.

    5-You can not invest in the international market & it's hard to exit from the mutual funds.

    Due to COVID-19, the Indian market has seen some disaster numbers in the economy but, with this, we ponder to invest in the international market. But, we tend to get this that we can not invest in the international market. This is not true. We can invest in international mutual funds.

     

    Despite this, people also believe that it's hard to exit from the funds. They think if you sign for X years then you have to stick with it or the company will charge you with the penalty. It is not true you can sign freely for 5,10,20 or whatever time you want to invest. You can easily sign off with a single notification.

    So, after all the points we hope that we have provided you with the best knowledge about the myth of Mutual funds that people are creating around the market with no credibility in it. We are not telling you, people, that it is full of risk-free but yes for sure it is not full of risk too.

    Keep coming to our website to learn more about investment plans, we hope that we will always help you to guide you the best.





     

     






     

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