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  • What is Primary Market

    Deepak Sharma 22 Aug 2020

    Primary Market

    —  The primary market refers to the market where equity or debt funds are raised by companies, institutions, and Government from ‘outside’ investors through an offer of securities.

    —  It is also called the “new issue market” since the securities are issued for the first time by the company to the investors

    —  In Equity issues of shares, it leads to the capital formation as new additional shares are issued to the investors as well as leads to equity dilution of promoters and early investors.

    What are the Functions of Primary Market?

    —  Wider Investor Participation:  Companies move away from known sources of funding that may be restrictive in terms of the amount available or the terms at which capital may be made available. They may be able to raise the funds they require at much more competitive terms.

    —  Foster Competitive Processes: Securities are issued for public subscription, at a price that is determined by the demand and supply conditions in the market and the perceived fundamental strengths of the issuer to honor their commitments.

    —  Diversify Ownership: The stakes of existing shareholders reduce and the ownership of the business becomes more broad-based and diversified. This enables the separation of ownership and management of an enterprise, where professional managers will be brought in to work in the broad interest of a large group of diverse shareholders.

    —  Better Disclosures: A business that seeks to raise capital from new investors. has to meet higher standards of disclosure and transparency.

    —  Evaluation by Investors: An issuer that raises money from outside investors will be open for evaluation by a large number of prospective investors, who would assess the information provided. Publicly disclosed financial statements, reports, prospectus, and other information also come up for scrutiny and discussion by analysts, researchers, activists, and media apart from investors.

    —  Exit for Early Investors: Primary markets provide an exit option for promoters, private, and inside investors who subscribed to the initial capital and early requirements for the capital of a business. Such investors will be able to realize the value of the investment made by offering their shares, fully or partly, when the company makes an issue in the primary market as the security needs to be compulsory issue security in the secondary market.

    —  Liquidity for Securities: Primary market issue distributes the securities to a large number of investors and it is mandatory to list a public issue of securities in the stock exchange. This opens up the secondary market where the securities can be bought and sold between investors, without impacting the capital raised and used by the business.

    —  Regulatory Supervision: The issuing process, intermediaries involved, the disclosure norms, and every step of the primary issue process is subject to regulatory provisions and supervision. The objective is to protect the interest of investors who contribute capital to a business. 

    What are the types of Issues?

    Issuance of capital in the primary market can be classified under four broad heads:

    —  Public issue: Securities are issued to the members of the public and anyone eligible to invest can participate in the issue. This is primarily a retail issue of securities.

    —  Private placement: Securities are issued to a select set of investors who can bid and purchase the securities on offer. This is primarily a wholesale issue of securities to institutional investors by an unlisted company.

    —  Preferential issue: A private placement of securities by a listed company is called a preferential issue. Securities are issued to an identified set of investors, on preferential terms, along with or independent of a public issue.

    —  Qualified Institutional Placement (QIP): A private placement of securities by a listed company to a set of institutional investors termed as qualified institutional buyers. Qualified institutional buyers include institutions such as mutual funds.

    —  Rights and Bonus issues: Securities are issued to existing investors as on a specific cut-off date, enabling them to buy more securities at a specific price (rights) or get an allotment of additional shares without any consideration (bonus).

    Who can be an Issuer of Securities?

    —  An issuer in the primary market has to be eligible to raise capital under the provisions of the law that governs it.

    —  The issuer has to meet the eligibility conditions specified by the concerned regulator before making an issue.

    —  The primary responsibility to meet the obligations associated with the security being issued rests on the issuer.

    Issue of securities in the primary market may be made by the following entities:

    —  Central, State, and Local Governments: They raise funds to meet their fiscal deficits by issuing bonds called government securities (G-secs) and treasury bills. The central government can issue Treasury bills for different maturities such as 91 days, 182 days, and 364 days.

    —  Public Sector Units: These are companies registered under the Companies Act, 2013, in which the government is the majority shareholder. These companies may make an issue of shares where the government offers a portion of the shares held by them to the public. This is called disinvestment.

    —  Private Sector Companies: They raise equity and debt funds from the markets by issuing securities. They may issue ordinary equity shares, preference shares and convertible instruments. For this category of issuers, the securities market is the principal source of funds.

    —  Banks, Financial Institutions and Non-banking Finance Companies: They raise funds by issuing equity shares, preference shares, bonds, convertible bonds, commercial paper, certificates of deposits and securitized paper. However, financial institutions and NBFCs raise short term and long-term capital through the issue of securities.

    —  Mutual Funds: They make a new fund offer (NFO) of units in the domestic markets to raise funds for a defined scheme. The funds may be raised for a specific period after which the current value of the units will be returned to the investors (Closed-end fund) or it may be for perpetuity with investors being given the option to exit at any time at the prevailing value of the units.

    What are the regulations for issuing securities?

    —  The primary markets are regulated by the Companies Act, 2013, Securities and Contract Regulation Act, 1956, SEBI (Issue of Capital and Disclosure Requirements) Regulations, 2009 for the issue of equity and debt securities by companies.

    The provisions of these Acts regulate the following with respect to public issues:

    —  Eligibility to make a public issue

    —  Information to be provided to the public and regulators

    —  Reservation for different categories of investors

    —  Methods of making the offer to investors

    —  Timelines for the issue process

    —  Usage of funds raised in issues

    —  Continued involvement and accountability of promoters and other inside investors in case of equity issuances.

    —  Provision for investors to continuously evaluate the investment and execute investment and exit decisions.

    —  The securities issued through public issue need to compulsory list the security in the secondary market.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

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  • Career Opportunities in Digital Marketing

    Umesh Sharma 6 Aug 2020

    When you are on the internet there are lots of things available. For example funny videos, memes, blogs, viral videos sometimes irritating stuff like ads, pictures etc.

    Do you ever have a wish to do like these? 

    If your answer is yes then congratulations you have made your career path and it is a career in digital marketing.

    Now a question arises what is the scope of Digital Marketing?

     

    Why Digital Marketing

     

    • This field is progressive. Technology is developing every day and you also have to update your skills into digital marketing with upcoming trends. With these formulas, your career keeps growing by the time.

     

    • All know these days the world is going into the digital era. All companies have their digital presence that's why these companies create a lot of career opportunities.

     

    • If you are doing this you have various career options. For example, if you love writing you can go for a content marketer. If you are creative enough, you can go for social media marketing.

     

    • There is research stating that digital Marketing is growing 10x faster compared to traditional marketing. Those companies are online, they are already generated 10 times more than others and also generating more job opportunities in the market.

     

    • There is no time limit. Like 9.00 to 5.00 job scenarios. This will make you your own boss. You can work according to your time availability or can work as a freelancer.

     

    Major Job roles available in Digital Marketing:

    Digital Marketing Executive:

    This is the first job role you can apply for seeking an internship or start your career in digital marketing. In this job role, you execute your strategy, learn from them, and get desired results. This is a mixed job profile where you have to crush yourself in different segments. For example, toward your business goals you to optimize your search engine work on social media, and sometime you will write content too or you will play with ad segments. In India, this is a topmost job profile where companies hire and people get hired.

    Social Media Executive:

    This job fascinates you at first sight if you like social media but this is not like uploading pictures on Instagram or tweeting on twitter. There is more to do in it. As a social media executive, you are required to be up to date about the latest trends going on. Sometimes this is not necessary if something got viral on Instagram also got viral on twitter.its all have to understand as social media executives. You have to plan your strategy according to your coordinator or your team, your client on every single day. Creating quality content, Video. Color psychology is also part of your job. In-depth knowledge about all social media platforms are required according to their nature.

    Seo Executive:

    A well-designed website will be of no use if there is no traffic on the website. Now this is role for a Seo Executive. An Seo executives are responsible for getting traffic not your website and get visibility on the Web. They also improve the company's ranking over search engines. They make sure that the content which is available on the website is friendly to search,already done in-depth keyword research, Seo Tools, etc.

    PPC/Search Engine marketer:

    Here is the job role for a search engine marketer if we talk about those useful or sometimes irritating ads. These ads are created by these people. They generate instant leads at a very low cost that's why there are huge requirements in markets for PPC/ Search engine professionals marketer. As PPC/ Search engine experts their job responsibility is to manage PPC keywords. Their ads group, landing pages, generate reports day by day and manage ad copies and graphics, etc

    Website Developer & Designer:

    They are the people behind that attractive website that is available on the internet. The web designer and web developer are their own significance but if it's come to the web developer is specific as develop website and web site designer design a website and it comes to a lot of things. As website developers/designers they are responsible for a website user interface, their modification making it user friendly. As a website developer/designer you should have knowledge about HTML, CSS, Javascript, and web programming.if you are not having knowledge of Coding you can still develop a website on WordPress and become a WordPress website specialist.

    Content Marketer:

    If you are born a writer or you are thinking that you are writing a better as available on another web page, this job role is for you only. The job responsibility of a content marketer is to create good and unique content, coordinate with other team content has to be qualified to go viral, promoted as an SEO version, and follow the latest trends. At last but not least as a content marketer you should have good knowledge of the English language so that you can play with the word in a creative way.

     

    Manager Role:

    After 3 to 5-year work experience, there are a couple of managerial job roles available where people can apply ei Digital marketing manager, social media manager, SEO manager. Sometimes people get promoted for this job role, It may depend on the company and the candidate. As a manager, your responsibility is to handle a team, work with coordination, and work on a proper strategy where the company can get more ROI.

     

    Other Job Role:

    Apart from the mentioned above designation or job role, there are many more jobs available in industries. It all depends on the company or their requirements. Some of them are mentioning below.

     

    • E-Commerce Manager

    • Email Marketer

    • Web Analytics Specialist

    • Marketing Analysis

    • Media Planner

    • Copywriter And Editor


    Earnings of a Digital Marketer:

    So here are the answers to the most expected question about earnings. See the salary always vary according to the company, their norms and the job role you have applied for. 

     

    1. The average starting salary can be in the range of 2.7 to 4.5 lakh per Annum.
    2. As per your skills and expertise an experienced professional with experience the average salary can be in the range of 4.2 to 7.5 Lakh per annum.
    3. A seasoned professional with expert knowledge and experience of 3 to 5 years can have an earning up to 10 to 12 lakh

    How do you can Start?

    There is no special degree available to get into digital marketing but some of the certifications are definitely available. If you are planning to do this you can start with theses certification so that you can stand out from others.

    For the certification, you have to go through with some examination and for the examination, you have to learn digital marketing.

    We also have a training program for Masters in digital marketing classes you can check out our modules and earn 10+ certification.

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  • Why Options Strategies are Important

    Deepak Sharma 31 Jul 2020

    Options strategies are conditional contracts that allow option holders to buy or sell at a chosen price. Buyers are charged an amount by the sellers for such a right. Should market prices be unfavorable for option holders, they will let the option expire worthlessly.

    Now if you are asking in a simple line, What is Option Strategy

    I can say Options strategies is the technical analysis study of price, volume, and open interest data to initiate trade based on the anticipation of the price movement 

    Note: Derivatives are weapons of mass destruction unless handled with care. Derivatives are highly leveraged instruments hence one needs to be disciplined and robotic in trading. There should not be any emotions involved while trading. Money management and Risk Management are key to success. There is 20% logic which is the study of price, volume, open interest data whereas 80% is psychology which plays an important role in trading.

     

    Key Points of Options strategies before entering Option Trade:

    1. What is your Technical Anticipation of the price movement?

    2. Which Strike price you need to select?

    3. When to initiate buying/writing Options?

    First and foremost important point while trading options, it is the spot price that moves hence it is very important that you follow technical chart patterns according to spot price which is the study of price and volume data. Further while trading options as a derivative strategy analyst the study of open interest in futures gives you the analysis of what is currently happening in the market whether there is long/short build-up or long/short unwinding. After the interpretation of futures, one needs to analyze option chains and see the open interest and it can give you a very clear indication of whether the price movement will be swift or not.

    For stocks that consolidate and move very slowly, it is prudent to do the writing by selling options. When you are buying options then you need to ensure that the price should move in your favor very fast as there would be a time decay. 

    Few important points for stock selection in Options strategies :

    • The security needs to be highly liquid in options

    • Time decay favors the writer/seller of the options

    • Volatility is a double-edged sword if it increases after you have entered into the trade then it will be an icing on the cake or else if it decreases then it will take away a few gain points.

    • When you buy options then you should trade in those stocks which either give the target or stop loss very fast. The stocks which consolidate it would be advisable to write options.

     

    Strategies used while trading options:

    Covered Call /Covered Put –

    With these calls, there is one simple strategy is to buy an option. You can also structure as a basic covered call. This is a very popular strategy these days because it will generate your income and reduce your risk of being long on the stock alone. The trade-off is that you must be willing to sell your shares at a set price at the short strike price.

    If you are going to execute this strategy as you purchased stock as you normally can, and simultaneously write or sell a call option on those same shares.

    In General, you can say It helps you to generate additional income and limited loss protection

    Synthetic Call/Put –  ASynthetic Call/Put strategy is generally used by traders and they are currently holding an asset that is underlying and Bullish on it for the long term. But he would be worried about the risks which are downside in the future. This strategy offers unlimited income potential with limited risk. The strategy is used by buying put options of the underlying if you are holding this for long. This strategy can be used to lock profit while profit riding in your Futures position. 

    Spread Strategies

    A Spread strategy involves a position in one or more options so that the cost of buying an option is funded entirely or in part by selling another option in the same underlying. 

     

    Bull/Bear Call Put Spread – 

    Bull call spreads can be implemented by buying an at-the-money call option while simultaneously writing a higher striking out-of-the-money call option of the same underlying security and the same expiration month. On the other side Bear call, spreads can be implemented by buying call options of a certain strike price and selling the same number of call options of lower strike price on the same underlying security expiring in the same month.

    Both calls put spread would be at low-risk strategy with limited profit/limited loss. Further when to deploy straight Buying ATM/Selling OTM or Reverse Selling ATM/Buying OTM would depend on your anticipation of the price based on intraday/weekly options/monthly options, price target, and technical chart moving average.

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  • Career in Financial Markets

    Umesh Sharma 23 Jul 2020

    Financial Market is the highest employment creating and facts growing sector in India. Financial markets are something which is very fascinating these days for youngsters.

    The sector contributes 35% weightage in NIFTY 50 which is India’s leading benchmark. 

    A Career in Finance is very lucrative and rewarding with a very decent salary package and exciting bonus and lucrative incentives. 

    You can instantly start your Journey in the financial markets with career-oriented course

     

    Guys Trust me it’s all about managing money which never sleeps

    Sounds Interesting?

    Now Finance professionals in this sector deal with capital markets, derivatives, debt instruments, Investment Banking, portfolio management, hedge funds, mutual funds, and insurance.

    Finance is all about managing money and the financial market provides a platform and helps inflow of capital from one user to another or multiple stakeholders.

    It employs young and ambitious people who have a decent knowledge of economics, accounting and valuations, market dynamics, and have the ability to analyze market data, interprets news, and micro/macro-economic events.

    Qualification:

    If you are in the age of 20s and pursuing Graduation, looking for a career change in the financial market has tremendous opportunities for freshers, experienced seasoned professionals. All said and done there is no age limit for learning. Investment in knowledge always pays the best interest.

    An entry-level professional who wants to make a career in the Financial service industry needs to be a minimum graduate to work in corporate banks and blue-chip Broking and Investment banking Companies. Further, he should have knowledge about financial market products and its application to Trading, Investment, Financial Planning, Wealth, and Risk Management.

    The entry-level career path would be as in Financial Advisor, Research intern or Data Analytics, Investment Advisory, and gradually can scale the ladder based on his skills and expertise. 

    The perks and incentives are exciting and very rewarding and all we can say is the most lucrative white-collar jobs in the job industry. 

    The finance professionals are in huge demand and millions of job opportunities are available in the Finance Industry in India given the fact that we are one of the fastest-growing economies of the world. 

    A finance professional having rich experience and expertise can have opportunities in international markets with leading global banks and financial service segments.


     

    Career Opportunities in Financial Service Industry:

    When it comes to career opportunities there are lots of segments and job roles are available in the financial market according to your Qualification and work experience where you can start your career or change your career.

    We are mentioning below some of the career segments where you can start with as an

     

    1. Investment Advisor

    2. Portfolio Management

    3. Wealth Management

    4. Research Analyst

    5. Technical Analyst

    6. Fundamental Analyst

    7. Derivatives Strategist

    8. Investment Banking

    9. Private Equity Analyst

    10. Financial Data Analyst

     

    How Much you will earn?

    Well, So here we came to the most anticipated question.

    The salary majorly depends on your Qualification. What kind of paper/Degree/certification you are putting on the recruiter table.

    Let's take an example if an undergraduate comes for a job role he will definitely get less than a graduate and a graduate gets less then a post-graduate. now If you have some extra Certification NCFM, NISM, you will definitely get extra exposure.

    So now I am giving you a general idea as to what you can expect.

    Role Salary in Rupee/Annum
    Investment Advisor 3.00 Lakh to 4 lakh
    Portfolio Management 4.5 Lakh to 6.5 lakh
    Wealth Management 5.00 Lakh to 6.00 lakh
    Research Analyst 4.00 Lakh to 6 lakh
    Technical Analyst 4.5 Lakh to 6.5 lakh
    Fundamental Analyst 5.5 Lakh to 6.5 lakh
    Derivatives Strategist 4.00 Lakh to 6 lakh
    Investment Banking 5.5.00 Lakh to 6 lakh
    Private Equity Analyst 3.00 Lakh to 4 lakh
    Financial Data Analyst 3.00 Lakh to 4 lakh
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  • What is NEO Wave Theory

    Umesh Sharma 2 Mar 2020

    Neo Wave Theory is an Advance concept of Elliott wave Theory.

    Conventional Elliott wave was initially found by R. N. Elliott in 1930s. His unique work referenced that stock showcase doesn't move haphazardly yet in precise design that follows Fibonacci numbers and regular laws. This deliberate development in costs are in type of waves. Ordinarily there are 5 stage forward and 3 stage in reverse coming about into a net movement which is substantial for financial exchange also. The idea can't be simply applied however one needs to comprehend the essential reason and certain standards to apply it equitably.

    Any value development according to fundamental Elliott wave is characterized into Impulsive and remedial. There are different examples inside these more extensive heads. Imprudent waves need to adhere to three essential principles:

    1. Wave 2 can't follow total of wave 1

    2. Wave 3 can't be the most limited of the directional waves 1,3 and 5

    3. Wave 4 can't go into domain of wave 1

    The over 3 fundamental guidelines whenever followed at that point the value development viable can be delegated an ordinary Impulse wave. Be that as it may, when the market structure is complex there is plausibility that the development can be included in various ways. This can result into subjectivity and the whole motivation behind wave hypothesis can be lost. To conquer this confinement Neo wave was built up that has in excess of 15 unique standards to characterize a straightforward motivation design. Following are a couple of them:

    1. Wave 2 can't follow more than 61.8% of wave 1

    2. Wave 3 can't be the most limited of the directional waves 1,3 and 5

    3. Wave 4 can't go into domain of wave 2

    4. There must be atleast one stretched out wave which will be 1.618% of non expanded wave. In the event that there is no expansion then the example viable is remedial

    5. One of the directional waves ought to subdivide

    6. Restorative waves ought to expend additional time than the first hasty wave

    7. Contact point rule: Out of 6 focuses not multiple focuses should lie on the channel

    The above shows just a couple of set of rules for a drive design as characterized by Neo wave. There are recently evolved designs too which were never a piece of unique Elliott wave. To give some examples are:

    – Diametric Pattern

    – Neutral Triangle

    – Extracting Triangle

    – Third Extended Terminal with fifth Failure

    These new examples are similarly essential to comprehend in light of the fact that dominant part of the development found on the planet value markets are taking the types of these examples that were never shrouded in unique work of R. N. Elliott

    We make a stride ahead and consolidate this complex investigation of Neo wave to that of Time cycles. It isn't generally that both the investigations will be in a state of harmony yet when they are without a doubt recommending the equivalent result that is the time that the exchange arrangement is of exceptionally high precision and it just leaves just a single likely result. These are the occasions when one can go all in with reasonable hazard and cash the board systems which have the potential to give the best of the profits in briefest measure of time.

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  • Elliott wave theory Course in Delhi

    Umesh Sharma 17 Feb 2020

    NIWS Stock Market Institute Elliott Wave Theory courses training master you in one of the most advanced concepts of Technical Analysis. This Elliott Wave Theory Course for beginners in an advance study of mass psychology. Our exchanging methodology specialists offer a knowledge to great Elliott Wave passage focuses to predominant hazard the executives and prize proportion.

    What is Elliott Wave Theory?

    The Elliot wave Describe price movements in Financial Markets, in this theory we observed and identified recurring fractal wave patterns. Elliott Wave Theory Developed by Ralph Nelson Elliott.

    In Elliott Wave Theory waves can be identified in stock price movements and in a consumer behavior. Investors Trying to get profit from a market trend could be described as a Riding a Wave. This Theory described as how a number of group of people described a marketing trends. A huge, solid development by property holders to supplant their current home loans with new ones that have better terms is known as a renegotiating wave.

    Why Elliott Wave Theory Course?

    In this Elliott Wave Theory Course NIWS Properly Guides you.

    • Instruction to apply Elliot wave theory in Short term and long term Investments.
    • Figure out how the market carries on in Elliott Wave inside a triangle design
    • Comprehend three Elliott wave decides and rules that can't be broken when market crisscrosses
    • The most effective method to distinguish defining moments in the securities exchange
    • Survey of Elliott wave models
    • The most effective method to set value targets and plan for advertise retracements utilizing Fibonacci investigation
    • Oversee chance by recognizing as you figure out how to exchange like a star

    Learn Elliott Wave Theory in Real Market

    The course placed you through an ongoing model in live market to dissect exchanges. Perceive how to win, lose, or breakeven through guidelines when Elliott wave clarified. Additionally, figure out how to peruse Elliott wave hypothesis, how to recognize Elliott wave in financial exchange, forex, intraday exchanging, day exchanging, and raw petroleum.

    These are barely any advantages of the course, as you experience the exercises offer by the experience broker, you'll figure out how to draw Elliott wave hypothesis in exchanging view.

     

    NIWS Stock Market Institute offers you best courses for technical analysis. Here we are offering you best Course for Elliott Wave Theory in NIWS Delhi. If you want to earn high profit then you surly join NIWS’s Elliott Wave Theory Course in Delhi. Here we describe you properly how to earn maximum profit using this Elliott Wave Theory and masters you in Technical analysis.

    So Hurry up and join our Elliott Wave theory Institute in Delhi. Register yourself in Elliott wave theory course in Delhi and earn maximum profit in Share market and stock Market.

    For more information Please Call us: 9828093210, 9261623456

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