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  • Strategies for Identifying Undervalued Stocks

    NIWS Team 13 Jun 2024

    Did you know that Amazon was once an undervalued stock, trading at just $1.50 per share in 1997? Today, it's worth over $3,000 per share, at a profit of around 2000%! Investing in undervalued stocks can transform your portfolio by capitalizing on market inefficiencies. You can secure substantial returns as the market corrects by identifying stocks trading below their true value.

    But how to identify these undervalued stocks?

    This blog by NIWS will help you find the best strategies to determine an undervalued stock. At NIWS, India's leading stock market institute, we offer comprehensive courses to help you master these strategies. Check out our stock market course in Indore to get started.

    Read on to learn what undervalued stocks are, how to spot undervalued stocks, and how to boost your investment success.


    Overview of Undervalued Stocks 

    Undervalued stocks are shares of companies currently trading below their intrinsic value, which is the actual worth of a stock based on the company's fundamentals, like assets, earnings, and dividends. For example, if a stock’s intrinsic value is ₹500 but trading at ₹300, it's considered undervalued. These stocks are typically listed on major stock exchanges like NSE and BSE in India.


    Some of the undervalued stocks in India for 2024 include:

    • Aavas Financiers Ltd: A housing finance company providing loans to low and middle-income segments, showing significant potential despite its current lower market price.

    • Caplin Point Laboratories Ltd: A pharmaceutical company with strong fundamentals and growth prospects, trading below its intrinsic value.

    • Oberoi Realty Ltd: Engaged in real estate development and hospitality, this stock offers potential growth as the market corrects its undervaluation.

    • IOL Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Ltd: Known for producing Ibuprofen, it has shown impressive financial growth and remains undervalued.

    • Mahanagar Gas Ltd: A leading natural gas distribution company with strong financials, yet trading at a lower price.


    (NOTE - Please note that this is based on individual preference, and no guarantee for their price rise is given on our end.) 


    Investing in undervalued stocks can be highly profitable as their prices will likely rise over time, allowing investors to capitalise on these market opportunities. Recognising undervalued stocks involves analysing financial metrics and market conditions to spot these hidden gems.

    Most Effective 8 Ways to Spot Undervalued Stocks 


    1. Price-to-Earnings Ratio (P/E)

    The P/E ratio measures how much investors are willing to pay for each rupee of a company's earnings. It’s calculated by dividing the current share price by the earnings per share (EPS).

    • Share Price: This is the current price at which a company's stock is trading on the market.

    • Earnings Per Share (EPS): This is the portion of a company’s profit allocated to each outstanding share of common stock. It’s calculated by dividing the company’s net income by the number of outstanding shares.

    P/E Ratio=Earnings per Share (EPS) / Share Price​

    A lower P/E ratio compared to similar companies or the overall market average may suggest that a stock is undervalued. This indicates that investors are paying less for each unit of earnings, which might present a good buying opportunity.

    2. Debt-Equity Ratio (D/E)

    The D/E ratio compares a company’s total debt to its shareholder equity. It shows how much debt the company is using to finance its assets.

    • Debt: This includes all the company's short-term and long-term liabilities.

    • Equity: This is the value of the shareholder's interest in the company, calculated as total assets minus total liabilities.

    D/E Ratio=Total Debt / Shareholder Equity

    A lower D/E ratio indicates less debt and potentially less risk. Stocks with a low D/E ratio might be undervalued if the market hasn’t recognised their financial stability.

    3. Return on Equity (ROE)

    ROE measures how well a company uses investments to generate earnings growth. It’s calculated by dividing net income by shareholder equity.

    • Net Income: This is the company’s total profit after taxes.

    • Shareholder Equity: This is the company's total value owned by shareholders.

    ROE=Net Income / Shareholder Equity

    A high ROE indicates efficient use of equity. If a company has a high ROE but a lower stock price than its peers, it might be undervalued.

    4. Earnings Yield

    Earnings yield is the inverse of the P/E ratio and represents the earnings per share as a percentage of the stock price.

    Earnings Yield = Earnings per Share (EPS) / Share Price

     A higher earnings yield suggests that a stock may be undervalued. It indicates that the company generates significant earnings relative to its share price.

    5. Dividend Yield

    Dividend yield shows how much a company pays out in dividends each year relative to its stock price.

    • Annual Dividends per Share: This is the total dividends paid out per share over a year.

    • Price per Share: This is the current trading price of the stock.

    Dividend Yield=Annual Dividends per / SharePrice per Share

    A high dividend yield can indicate that a stock is undervalued, as it suggests that investors are getting a significant return on their investment through dividends.

    6. Current Ratio

    The current ratio measures a company’s ability to pay short-term liabilities with its short-term assets.

    • Current Assets: These are the company’s assets that are expected to be converted into cash within a year.

    • Current Liabilities: These are the company’s liabilities that are due within a year.

    Current Ratio = Current Assets / Current Liabilities

    A higher current ratio indicates good liquidity and financial health. Stocks with a high current ratio may be undervalued if their financial stability is not reflected in the share price.

    7. Price-Earnings To Growth Ratio (PEG)

    The PEG ratio considers a stock’s P/E ratio and its expected earnings growth rate.

    • P/E Ratio: This is the price-to-earnings ratio.

    • Annual EPS Growth: This is the expected annual earnings growth rate per share.

    PEG Ratio = P/E Ratio / Annual EPS Growth

    A lower PEG ratio suggests a stock is undervalued relative to its growth potential. A PEG ratio below 1 is often considered a good indicator of undervaluation.

    8. Price-To-Book Ratio (P/B)

    The P/B ratio compares a company’s market value to its book value.

    • Market Value per Share: This is the stock's current trading price.

    • Book Value per Share is the company’s total assets minus its total liabilities divided by the number of outstanding shares.

    P/B Ratio=Market Value per Share / Book Value per Share

    A lower P/B ratio indicates a stock may be undervalued relative to its net assets. A P/B ratio below 1 suggests that the stock trades for less than the company’s book value.

    Why Trade and Invest in Undervalued Stocks? 


    • Undervalued stocks often have significant growth potential. When the market realises its true value, prices can increase substantially.

    • These stocks usually carry less risk as they are already trading at a discount, providing a safety cushion against market fluctuations.

    • Many undervalued stocks pay dividends, offering a steady income stream even if the stock price is low.

    • Companies with strong fundamentals and growth prospects are often undervalued, presenting opportunities for long-term capital appreciation.

    • Prices of undervalued stocks tend to rise when temporary issues are resolved, or market inefficiencies are corrected.

    • Including undervalued stocks in your portfolio can enhance diversification, reduce overall risk, and stabilize during market downturns.

    • Buying undervalued stocks often involves going against market trends and securing stocks at reduced prices for better entry points.

    • Holding undervalued stocks long-term allows for capital appreciation and dividend reinvestment, leading to exponential growth.



    Investing in undervalued stocks is a powerful strategy for achieving high returns with lower risk. By using metrics like the P/E ratio, D/E ratio, ROE, earnings yield, dividend yield, current ratio, PEG ratio, and P/B ratio, investors can identify stocks trading below their intrinsic value. These stocks offer significant growth potential and stable income through dividends. 

    At NIWS, India's leading stock market institute, we provide the expertise and resources to help you master these strategies and make informed investment decisions. Start your journey with NIWS and unlock the potential of undervalued stocks to enhance your portfolio.

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  • WD Gann Trading Techniques

    NIWS Team 13 Jun 2024

    In the dynamic world of financial markets, accurately predicting market trends can significantly enhance trading success. One of the most powerful tools for this purpose is the Elliott Wave Theory, which helps traders and analysts understand market psychology through identifiable wave patterns.

    Additionally, W.D. Gann's theories, such as the Gann Angles and the Square of Nine, remain 90% accurate and are used to forecast market movements.

    If you’re aiming to enter the stock market and book profits, learning Gann's theory is essential. NIWS, a top stock market institute in Delhi and Jaipur, offers expert courses on these theories to help you succeed.

    Our expert traders at NIWS are ready to guide you through the Elliott Wave Theory pro course. Learn how this powerful theory can transform your trading strategies. Enroll now and take the first step towards becoming a proficient trader!


    6 Most Used Gann's Trading Techniques and their Application 


    Traders have always used Gann's intra-day trading techniques. Here are the six most used trading techniques and their applications-

    1. Gann Angles

    Gann believed that markets move in predictable angles. He used a series of angles to predict price movements, the most famous of which is the 1x1 angle, also known as the 45-degree angle.


    • 1x1 Angle (45 Degrees): Represents one unit of price for one unit of time. When the price is above this angle, the market is strong; when below, it is weak.

    • Other Angles: 1x2, 2x1, 1x3, etc., representing different slopes. 


    Draw angles from significant highs and lows to forecast potential support and resistance levels.


    2. Gann Square of Nine


    This is a spiral of numbers used to determine time and price relationships. Gann believed that the natural order of numbers profoundly impacted market movements.


    • Predicting Price Levels: By finding the price of a stock on the square and projecting future prices based on the square’s mathematical progression.

    • Time Cycles: Identifying significant dates when the market is likely to change direction


    3. Gann Fans

    A Gann fan consists of several lines drawn from a central point, typically a high or low. These lines represent various angles and are used to predict support and resistance levels.


    • Drawing Fans: Begin at significant highs or lows and draw lines at angles like 1x1, 1x2, 2x1, 1x4, etc.

    • Interpreting Fans: Lines act as support/resistance levels. The price's interaction with these lines can indicate potential market turning points.


    4. Gann Time Cycles

    Gann emphasized the importance of time in trading, believing that market events occur in cyclical patterns.


    • Key Cycles: Gann identified several important cycles, such as 30, 60, 90 days, and yearly cycles like 5, 10, 20 years.

    • Forecasting: Analyzing historical price data to predict future market turning points based on these cycles.


    5. Gann Swing Chart

    The Gann Swing Chart helps to identify market trends and reversals by focusing on the swing points in price movements.


    • Swing Points: Plot significant highs and lows to represent market swings visually.

    • Trend Identification: Determine the overall market trend and potential reversal points based on swing highs and lows.


    6. Gann Retracements

     Gann Retracements help indicate potential reversal points,and resistance levels. The technique alone is not exact, and it is better to use it with other techniques for better results.

    Application :

    • Monitor retracement levels to identify reversal points. This can help you minimize risk and get a better idea of when to enter and exit the market.  


    Other Less Common WD Gann Techniques 

    Let's discuss some of the lesser-known WD Gann Techniques-


    Complex and Less Accessible 

    The techniques mentioned below are not easily accessible and are considered complex.

    Gann Hexagon

    A hexagonal grid is used to forecast price movements and turning points.The angles and ratios are placed in a hexagonal shape on the price chart. 

    Application :

    • Traders must plot price data and time frames to identify potential support.

    • The complexity in constructing and interpreting the hexagonal grids makes it less common.

    Gann Emblem

    The star-shaped pattern is made to predict price movements and market cycles. 

    Application :

    • To apply this technique you have to find potential reversal zones.

    • This is less common because the complicated geometric design and the knowledge required to design it specifically are scarce.

    Gann Mass Pressure Forecasting

    This technique is used to identify the potential turning point of the market by analyzing market pressure based on volume, price and other factors.

    Application :

    • To apply the technique, first evaluate the market and understand if it is bullish or bearish.

    • This technique is less common because it requires a deep understanding of the market to assess the sentiment. 

    Gann Degree Readings

    Under this technique, correlating the price levels with specific degrees of the zodiac sign is done. 

    Application :

    • To apply this technique, traders must use the degree readings to predict price levels.

    • Since it has an astrological factor attached to it,  most traders find this less credible, leading to less of its limited adoption.

    Gann Wheel

    Gann wheel is a circular chart used to find key price levels based on geometric angles. This helps traders understand the timing of market entry and exit.

    Application :

    • To apply this, the wheel is used to project future support and resistance levels.

    • The construction and interpretation of the Gann Wheel require an understanding of geometry and can be seen as too complex for many traders.

    Gann Time and Price Squaring

    The technique requires balancing price and time for a specific period to determine market changes. 

    Application :

    • To apply this you have to analyze the relationship between price and its magnitude to forecast significant market reversals.

    • The technique's mathematical complexity and the need for precise calculations make it less user-friendly.

    Gann Master Charts

    Ganns Master Chart requires charts like Squares of Nine or Hexagons to visualize the market movement. 

    Application :

    • To apply the technique, identify the support and resistance levels with the key dates in the chart and make your move. However, the technique is less popular due to the difficulty in understanding these charts.

    Gann Seasonal Trends

    Ganns Seasonal Trends are based on the repeated patterns whose basis are on seasonal cycles, like weather patterns. 

    Application :

    • To apply this technique, you must first identify the seasonal pattern of time trades.

    • This technique is complex because it requires a lot of historical data, which may or may not align with the current market.

    Gann Advanced Price and Time Squaring

    This advanced technique requires analyzing time duration and price movement, which helps identify potential reversals.

    Application :

    • To apply the technique, traders must find balanced points to predict significant market movements. 

    • The advanced nature of the calculations proves to be a difficult task for traders who prefer more straightforward methods.

    Gann Swing Charting Technique

    The Swing Charting technique requires tracking market trends. This is done by identifying the market's highs and lows. 

    Application :

    • To apply the swing Charting technique, you must identify the primary and secondary trends with swing charts.

    • Because of the availability of modern technical analysis tools, this technique is seen as less sophisticated, making it less common.


    Requires Specialized Knowledge 

    Let's discuss some of the techniques that require specialized knowledge to apply.

    Gann Planetary Lines

    Gann planetary lines require predicting market movements using the position of planets. 

    Application :

    • To apply this technique, traders must use plot lines based on planets to find the market's resistance and support levels.

    • It is less common because it requires knowledge of astrology, which is rare when we talk about basic financial trading.

    Gann Dynamic Time Cycles

    This technique involves analyzing time cycles that may vary in length and are usually not fixed. 

    Application :

    • To apply this technique, you must analyze and identify repeating time cycles and patterns to forecast market trends.

    • Due to the need for continuous time analysis, applying this technique is very complicated.


    Specific Applications

    Let's discuss some Techniques that require specific applications for it to work.

    Gann Annual Forecast

    The Annual Forecast technique predicts market behavior based on historical patterns and astrological cycles. 

    Application :

    • A trader can apply this technique only if they have studied past market behavior to forecast future trends. 

    • This long-term forecasting technique is impractical for day-to-day traders and is often viewed skeptically.

    Gann Market Geometry

    This technique analyzes the market using geometric shapes and patterns. Traders use Gann angles and squares to predict market volatility and understand the resistance level.

    Application :

    • To determine future financial market trends, you must identify patterns such as triangles, squares, and circles.

    • The application requires a strong understanding of geometry and its application to market movements; it is considered a barrier for traders.

    Gann Elliott Wave Theory Integration

    Elliott Wave Theory combines two technical analyses to predict market movement better. 

    Application :

    • To apply this technique, wave analysis is used to predict market trends more accurately. Combine the angles with time cycles to identify precise support.

    • Since the technique requires a deep understanding of Gann's and Elliott's theories, it is only suitable for advanced traders.

    Gann Monthly Midpoint Method

    In this technique, the month's trading range's midpoint is considered the month's average high and low price. 

    Application :

    • To apply this, use the midpoint as a potential support or resistance level. This technique is not recognized, as more straightforward methods exist to do the same thing.


    Traders can benefit from Gann's theory because of its technical analysis capabilities. These techniques help you find out about the financial market's turning point and make a strategic decision regarding entering and exiting the market. These techniques are the hard proof that reminds us that the market is not merely based on trends but also on understanding the underlying principles that drive these markets. 

    Careful application of these techniques can help you execute profitable gains. Learn more about these techniques at NIWS, Jaipur, and Delhi's best stock market institute.

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  • Power of Elliott Wave Theory in Predicting Market Trends

    NIWS Team 13 Jun 2024

    In the dynamic world of financial markets, accurately predicting market trends can significantly enhance trading success. One of the most powerful tools for this purpose is the Elliott Wave Theory, which helps traders and analysts understand market psychology through identifiable wave patterns.

    At NIWS, our expert stock market traders are ready to guide you through the benefits and applications of the Elliott Wave Theory in our exclusive pro course. Learn how this powerful theory can transform your trading strategies and market analysis, giving you the edge to succeed.

    Join our pro-Elliott Wave course today and start mastering the art of market prediction! Transform your trading strategies with insights from our seasoned professionals and confidently make informed decisions. Don't miss this opportunity to elevate your trading game and achieve greater financial success.

    Enroll now at NIWS and take the first step towards becoming a proficient trader with the Elliott Wave Theory!


    Top 5 Benefits of Using Elliott Wave Theory in Predicting Market Trends 

    Elliott Wave Theory helps predict market trends by identifying patterns in market prices, called waves, which reflect the collective psychology of investors. The theory suggests that market prices move in a repetitive cycle of eight waves: five waves moving up (impulse waves) and three waves moving down (corrective waves). 

    By studying these wave patterns, traders can predict future price movements and make smarter trading decisions. Here are the benefits of using Elliott Wave Theory in predicting market trends! 

    1. Most Accurate Predictive Power

    Forecasting Market Movements: 

    Elliott Wave Theory provides a structured approach to forecasting future price movements by identifying wave patterns. For example, an analyst can identify a five-wave impulse pattern, which typically indicates a continuing trend, followed by a three-wave corrective pattern suggesting a temporary reversal. By understanding these patterns, traders can decide when to enter or exit positions.

    Early Trend Identification: 

    Recognizing wave patterns early allows traders to enter or exit positions before major price movements occur. For instance, spotting the beginning of wave 3 (the most powerful wave in the trend) early can allow traders to capitalize on significant price movements.

    2. Detailed Market (Multi-Timeframe) Analysis

    Elliott Wave Theory’s fractal nature means wave patterns repeat on different scales. This allows traders to analyze market trends across multiple timeframes, from short-term to long-term, giving a comprehensive view of the market.

    How Does Multi-Timeframe Analysis Work?

    Traders study market trends using different timeframes. For example, they might use a weekly chart to understand the overall trend and a daily chart to find specific buying or selling opportunities within that trend.


    • Weekly Chart (Long-Term): A trader sees a stock rising over several weeks, indicating a long-term upward trend.

    • Daily Chart (Short-Term): The trader notices short-term downward corrections on the daily chart within this upward trend. These corrections are opportunities to buy at a lower price before the stock continues to rise.

    By analyzing both long-term and short-term charts, traders can:

    • Confirm the overall direction of the market.

    • Identify the best times to enter or exit trades.

    • Align their strategies with the broader market trend while taking advantage of short-term movements.

    This multi-timeframe approach provides a more detailed and accurate market analysis, helping traders make better-informed decisions.

    3. Enhanced Market Trend Predictability with Other Technical Tools

    When Elliott Wave Theory is combined with other technical analysis tools, it improves the accuracy and reliability of market predictions. Here’s how it works with some popular tools:

    Fibonacci Retracements: 

    These horizontal lines indicate potential support and resistance levels where the price might pause or reverse after a significant move. They are based on Fibonacci numbers, a mathematical sequence.

    • How it helps: If Elliott Wave Theory predicts a wave ending at a certain point, and that point aligns with a key Fibonacci retracement level (like 38.2%, 50%, or 61.8%), it adds extra confidence that the market will reverse at that level.

    • Example: If a stock has risen from $100 to $200 and starts to fall, Fibonacci retracement levels suggest it will find support around $161.80 (a 61.8% retracement of the move). If this level also aligns with an Elliott Wave pattern suggesting the end of a corrective wave, the likelihood of a reversal increases.

    Moving Averages (MA): 

    These lines smooth out price data to help identify trends over time. A simple moving average (SMA) is the average price over a set number of days, while an exponential moving average (EMA) gives more weight to recent prices.

    • How it helps: If an Elliott Wave pattern indicates a bullish trend and the price crosses above a moving average, it confirms the trend.

    • Example: If the price is above the 50-day SMA and Elliott Wave Theory predicts the start of a new upward impulse wave, the moving average acts as an additional confirmation of the trend.

    Relative Strength Index (RSI): 

    This momentum indicator measures the speed and change of price movements. It ranges from 0 to 100, with levels above 70 indicating overbought conditions and below 30 indicating oversold conditions.

    • How it helps: If the Elliott Wave Theory suggests a market is nearing the end of an impulse wave, and the RSI shows overbought conditions, it signals a potential reversal.

    • Example: If an Elliott Wave analysis indicates that a stock is completing its fifth wave (final upward wave), and the RSI is above 70, it suggests the stock might soon reverse and enter a corrective phase.

    Moving Average Convergence Divergence (MACD): 

    This indicator shows the relationship between two moving stock price averages. It consists of the MACD line, the signal line, and a histogram showing the difference between them.

    • How it helps: If Elliott Wave Theory suggests a new wave begins, and the MACD line crosses above the signal line, it confirms the new trend.

    • Example: If Elliott Wave analysis predicts the start of an upward impulse wave, and the MACD line crosses above the signal line, it confirms the bullish trend.

    By combining Elliott Wave Theory with these technical analysis tools, traders can develop a more robust and comprehensive trading strategy, leading to more reliable and informed market predictions.

    4. Risk Management

    Identifying Reversal Points

    Elliott Wave Theory helps traders identify potential reversal points in the market, allowing them to set precise stop-loss and take-profit levels. This enhances risk management by providing clear guidelines on when to exit trades.


    • End of Wave 5: When traders recognize the end of an impulse wave (wave 5), they can set a stop-loss order just beyond this point. If the market moves against them, their losses will be limited to a predetermined amount.

    • How it helps: By identifying the end of wave 5, traders can avoid staying in a position too long and protect their profits. They set stop-loss orders to automatically sell if the price goes below a certain level, minimizing potential losses.

    Mitigating Losses

    The Elliott Wave Theory helps traders avoid significant losses and protect their capital by predicting market corrections and trend reversals. Knowing when a trend will change allows traders to exit positions before adverse movements occur.


    • Start of a Corrective Wave: If a trader identifies the beginning of a corrective wave, they can choose to exit their position before the market starts moving against the initial trend. For instance, if a trader sees an upward trend is ending and a corrective wave is about to begin, they can sell their assets to avoid the downturn.

    • How it helps: This proactive approach allows traders to preserve their capital and avoid riding out potentially long and unprofitable market corrections. By exiting positions early, they can lock in gains and avoid the emotional and financial stress of watching their profits erode.

    By identifying reversal points and predicting market corrections, traders can set precise stop-loss and take-profit levels, mitigating losses and protecting their capital.

    5. Adaptability Across Markets

    Elliott Wave Theory applies to various financial markets, including stocks, forex, commodities, and cryptocurrencies. This adaptability makes it a valuable tool for diverse trading portfolios. For example, the same wave patterns observed in stock markets can be applied to forex markets, providing consistent analytical frameworks.

    Consistent Patterns: 

    Elliott Wave Theory provides a reliable method for long-term market analysis due to its consistent patterns across various market conditions. Whether the market is rising (bull market) or falling (bear market), the wave patterns—five-wave impulses and three-wave corrections—remain the same. 

    This consistency allows traders to apply the same analysis techniques regardless of market direction, making predicting trends and developing strategies easier. As a result, traders can confidently use the Elliott Wave Theory to navigate bullish and bearish markets effectively.


    Elliott Wave Theory offers significant benefits for predicting market trends, making it an invaluable tool for traders and analysts. Its predictive power, detailed analysis framework, and adaptability across various markets provide a comprehensive approach to market forecasting. The theory's ability to enhance technical analysis and support risk management is crucial to successful trading strategies.

    Consider professional training and education to leverage Elliott Wave Theory's benefits fully. Opting for professional stock market courses in Jaipur is essential to trading in the stock market. 

    Our experts at NIWS are here to help those residing in Jaipur or Delhi. Explore our comprehensive stock market courses and resources to become proficient in market analysis and elevate your trading strategies.

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  • Investing in Blue Chip Stocks vs. Mid-Caps in India

    NIWS Team 24 Apr 2024

    Investing in the stock market is a strategic decision that requires assessing different possibilities, such as choosing between blue-chip and mid-cap stocks in India. The National Institute of Wall Street (NIWS) is one of the best stock market institute in Jaipur, Delhi, and India. We teach people the skills they need to understand and manage the complicated financial markets.

    We are committed to giving aspiring investors and traders the tools they need. Our experience spans over 15 years, and our curriculum includes modules from NSE, BSE, SEBI, NCFM, and NISM. In this article, we will look into the comparative analysis of investing in blue-chip stocks versus mid-cap stocks in India. 

    What are Blue Chip Stocks?

    A blue-chip stock is issued by a big, well-known, financially stable company with a great image. These kinds of companies have usually been around for a long time, have steady profits, and pay investors dividends.

    A blue-chip company usually has a market value in the billions. It's usually the market leader or one of the top three companies in its field, and most people have heard of it.

    Because of these things, blue-chip stocks can be suitable investments and are some of the most popular stocks buyers buy. A few examples of blue-chip stocks are American Express, Microsoft, McDonald's, IBM Corp, and Boeing Co.

    Advantages of Investing In Blue-Chip Stocks

    Here are some advantages of investing in blue-chip stocks:

    Stable and Regular Dividends

    Blue-chip stock buyers get stable returns on their investments regardless of market conditions. These kinds of profits come in the form of dividends, which are given to investors every three months.

    Opportunity to Achieve Financial Goals

    As a long-term investment choice with a more than seven-year horizon, it gives investors much time to save money and build up a good nest egg over the years.

    Advantages of Portfolio Diversification

    Blue-stock companies are high-profile businesses that don't profit from just one source. It helps them cover their losses when things go wrong with their operations and spreads out the risks of owning blue-stock shares.


    Blue-chip enterprises have a strong market reputation and a high credit rating. It directly raises the market value of blue-chip stocks, making them a good choice for buyers. It also makes buying and selling these stocks easier, making them more liquid.

    Disadvantages of Investing In Blue-Chip Stocks


    Here are some disadvantages of investing in blue-chip stocks:

    Slow Growth Rate

    Blue-chip stocks don't grow very fast, suggesting investors must be patient to receive the desired returns.

    Low Dividend Yields

    Blue chip stocks might not pay high dividends because their growth rate is slow.

    Comparatively Expensive

    People usually want blue-chip stocks because they are reliable, low-risk, and less volatile. As a result, they are more expensive in the market than other equities of equal size.

    What are Mid-Cap Stocks?


    A rough term for companies and stocks in the middle of the large-cap and small-cap categories is "mid-cap."

    Market capitalisation is calculated by adding up the number of shares a company has and the value of each share.

    The classification is also based on how a company ranks in key indices like Sensex and Nifty. For example, the companies in the Nifty Index ranked 101st to 250th are usually considered mid-cap companies. Indian Nifty also has a standard mid-cap index called the Nifty Midcap 50. It holds the 50 most actively traded mid-cap stocks on the market.

    Advantages of Investing In Mid-Cap Stocks


    Here are some advantages of investing in mid-cap stocks:

    Ease of Growth

    In India, mid-cap companies have a better chance of getting loans to raise money than small-cap companies, making it easier for them to grow and expand.

    Return Potential

    Most mid-cap companies, positioned in the centre of the growth graph, allow for significant dividends and space for value appreciation.

    Less Analysed

    In their early days, most mid-cap stocks weren't looked at very often, so big companies and experienced investors didn't pay much attention to them. It resulted in lower pricing, making them cheaper to incorporate into your portfolio. You can make a lot of money if you can determine which stocks on a mid-cap stock list will likely get more attention and analysis and put most of your money into those funds.

    Considerable information

    Compared to small-cap companies, these stocks provide enough information about their past and financial health. A list of mid-cap stocks makes it easy to look at companies. You can draw a conclusion about their growth potential and profitability, which will help you decide whether to invest.

    Disadvantages of Investing In Mid-Cap Stocks

    Here are some disadvantages of investing in mid-cap stocks:

    Value Trap

    A value trap occurs when a business keeps making low profits and doesn't have enough cash flow to escape. Value traps can happen to mid-cap companies, especially low-ranking ones, and if the trend lasts for a long time, the companies could go out of business.

    Inadequate Resources

    Large-cap companies are more likely to have better management and planning systems than mid-cap companies. So, even though they make a lot of money and their value goes up, they might not be able to fully utilise those benefits.

    Effect of a Financial Bubble

    A shaky financial bubble might cause a mid-cap company's tremendous success. Conversely, these companies don't have the money to last when the bubble bursts. So, when looking for the best mid-cap stocks, make sure to look at their financial statement before the bubble to get a good idea of how strong they are financially.

    Comparative Analysis

    Risk vs. Reward: The risk-reward relationship is what distinguishes blue-chip stocks from Mid-Cap stocks. Blue Chips are a better bet because they are stable and pay steady dividends, even when things are going badly. Conversely, mid-caps, which are risky, offer the chance of higher growth, which makes them appealing to investors who are willing to take more risks.

    Market Volatility: Blue Chip stocks tend to be less volatile than Mid-Cap stocks. Their strong financials and established place in the market protect them from market shocks, while Mid-Caps' prices can change a lot.

    Investment Horizon: An investor's time frame often affects their choice between blue-chip and mid-cap stocks. Blue Chips are suitable for long-term buyers who want steady returns and growth. Conversely, Mid-Caps may offer big short- to medium-term gains, making them a good choice for investors willing to take more risks and have a shorter investment window.

    Diversification: A balanced portfolio that includes both blue-chip and mid-cap stocks is an excellent way to diversify a portfolio. Diversification lowers risk for investors while still allowing them to benefit from the growth potential of Mid-Caps and the security of blue-chip investments.


    At the National Institute of Wall Street (NIWS), we have a deep understanding of the intricacies and potential of the Indian stock market, particularly when it comes to making informed decisions about Blue-Chip stocks and Mid-Caps. 

    Our comparison shows how important it is to ensure that your investment choices align with your financial goals, risk tolerance, and period. Blue Chip stocks are highly valued for their stability and consistent performance, making them an attractive option for investors looking for long-term, low-risk opportunities. 

    On the other hand, Mid-Cap stocks, known for their potential for substantial growth, appeal to individuals willing to accept higher volatility in exchange for higher returns. When building a well-rounded portfolio, it's essential to consider a mix of Blue Chip and mid-Cap Stocks to strike the right balance between risk and reward. 

    As experts in the financial industry, NIWS is dedicated to equipping our students and professionals with the necessary knowledge and skills to make well-informed investment choices.

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  • Value Investing Strategies for Long-Term Growth in India

    NIWS Team 24 Apr 2024

    Adopting value investing strategies for long-term growth in India's volatile stock market is both an art and a science. Focusing on undervalued stocks with strong fundamentals is a crucial part of this strategy for unlocking the potential for significant gains.

    The National Institute of Wall Street (NIWS) stands out as a top stock market institute in Indore, Jaipur, and Delhi as it offers a wide range of courses to help students learn about Finance, Banking, the Stock Market, Wealth Management, Portfolio Management, and both Fundamental and Technical Analysis. NIWS aims to give buyers the information and tools they need to understand the market and make intelligent choices leading to long-term growth.

    Here, we will discuss several Value Investing Strategies for Long-Term Growth in India.

    What is Value Investing?

    Value investing aims to buy stocks when they are cheap compared to their worth and hold on to them until they hit or go above their actual value. It comes from the idea that stocks will increase in value and make money for buyers who buy them when they're cheap and hold on to them for a long time.

    Value Investing Strategies for Profound Growth in India

    Here's a list of several major value investing strategies for tremendous growth in India:

    Fundamental Analysis

    Fundamental analysis is what value investors use to determine a company's worth. Depending on the type of analysis, it may include examining the income statement compared to rivals, the balance sheet, the performance of free cash flow, and valuation metrics. Take our course to discover everything you need to know about fundamental analysis.

    • Income Statement

    Look at a company's past operating profits and the money it made from its primary operations. When you take out things like interest income and interest expense, operating profit shows how well the business plan works.

    Profit efficiency can be a solid competitive advantage, so it's best to have high margins compared to your competitors.

    • Balance Sheet

    The balance sheet should show that the business is stable. In order to be a good value prospect, the company must be able to meet its short—and long-term responsibilities. Value investors can determine how good a company is at this by looking at things like the debt-to-equity ratio and the working capital ratio.

    • Free Cash Flow

    If a business pays for its operations and capital spending with cash, it has free cash flow. When a company buys back shares or pays dividends, the money comes from free cash flow.

    Value investors want to see a track record of free cash flow growth. When free cash flow goes up and the stock price stays low, it can mean that owners will get good returns in the future.

    • Valuation Metrics

    Comparable ratios, known as valuation metrics, can be used to determine whether a stock is being sold for more or less than it is worth. Two key measures to understand are price-to-book (PB) and price-to-earnings (PE).

    • PE Ratio

    Divide the company's profits per share (EPS) by its stock price to get its PE. You can use the EPS from the previous year or the EPS that you think will be in the next 12 months. The number you get when you use the expected EPS is called the "forward PE."

    The PE ratio shows how much it costs the company right now to make one dollar. If the PE ratio is lower than that of a similar competitor, it could be a good deal because you'd be getting the same earnings for less money than the competitor.

    • PB Ratio

    When you compare a company's market value to its book value, which is the value of its assets minus its debts, you get the PB ratio. Divide the stock's price by its book value per share to get the PB ratio.

    A PB ratio of less than 1 means the stock might be undervalued. It is especially true in India, where asset-heavy businesses are common.

    Quality Investing

    Quality investing looks for businesses with strong management, low debt, and a history of increasing cash flow. A company's long-term success is often tied to one or more competitive advantages, like size and high margins, unparalleled market penetration, or a brand image that can't be shaky.

    Blue-chip stocks and top dividend payers are usually good choices if you're looking for quality stocks.

    Quality stocks don't have as much room to grow as smaller, new companies. For this reason, investors may not pay as much attention to them as other, more exciting investments. It could cause the price to drop too low. On the other hand, quality stocks do better in bad times than stocks of companies that aren't as well established.

    Contrarian Investing

    When you do contrarian trading, you buy stocks that aren't popular at the moment, which goes against the current market trend. The important thing is to find companies that are fundamentally strong but have been unfairly penalized by the market. This method can work exceptionally well in India's volatile markets, where changes in the economy, new rules, or short-term setbacks can significantly affect stock prices.

    Dividend Investing

    In India, investing in companies that regularly pay high dividends can be a good idea because those companies are usually seen as more financially stable and less risky. When you invest in dividends, you get regular income and the chance that your money will grow. However, it's important to ensure that dividends are sustainable and backed by strong free cash flows.

    Tips for Successful Value Investing for Long Term

    Here are some essential things you should know about value investment for long-term gains:

    Invest in Companies With a Margin of Safety

    The price differential between a stock and its intrinsic value is known as the margin of safety. The higher the margin of safety, the better protected you are from making a mistake in your value judgment.

    You are safe as long as you buy the stock for INR 90 when you think it should be worth INR 100. In the Indian market, this means doing extensive research to find undervalued companies with strong fundamentals, such as solid earnings, low debt, and long-term business models.

    For your value stocks, choose a minimal margin of safety. Twenty percent is a good starting point, and it can be changed up or down based on your needs.

    Diversify Your Portfolio

    Another way to protect yourself from being wrong about a stock or its future is to spread your investments. Maintaining a diverse range of stocks is an excellent way of risk management as it protects your savings from any one asset.

    Always keep 20 different stocks in your portfolio at the same time. Select equities with varying risk profiles as much as you can. You can put your money into different currencies, businesses, and market caps.

    Have Patience and Focus on the Long-term

    Value investing is typically a long-term plan. The Indian stock market can be very volatile, which tests an investor's patience. It's essential to stay focused on the long-term prospects of your investments and not give in to the urge to respond to short-term changes in the market. Companies with strong fundamentals may take time to reflect their true value in the stock market.

    Avoid Emotional Decisions

    Markets go to extremes when people's feelings take over. Fear causes markets to crash, and greed causes stock market bubbles.

    It's possible to make money during market extremes if you can stay calm and not follow the crowd, which is easier said than done. If you follow the crowd, on the other hand, you're more likely to buy high and sell low. Putting money into that way is not a good long-term strategy.


    Value investing in India is a great way to achieve long-term growth because it uses disciplined, research-based methods to tap into the market's natural potential. Investors can lower their risk by focusing on undervalued stocks with strong foundations and taking advantage of the Indian economy's growth.

    At NIWS, we're dedicated to helping our clients navigate this path by blending deep market knowledge with a clear focus on creating value. Let's start this journey together towards long-term growth and wealth building. Contact NIWS immediately to find out how we can help you reach your business goals.

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  • How To Open A Demat Account And Start Investing In Stocks

    NIWS Team 24 Apr 2024

    Demat account opening is crucial since trading nowadays is done digitally. Demat account-based share sale and purchase has made the process easier for investors as they do not have to stand in queues or fill out lengthy forms to open an account. Stock investment, which requires a Demat account, can be online. It is the easiest way to open an account online, so you can open a Demat account in a few simple steps. This account type digitally stores your share when you consider online trading.

    Since opening a demat account requires a few simple steps to initiate trading in the stock market, NIWS, the leading stock marketing institute in Delhi, Jaipur, and other places, helps you understand how to open a demat account to initiate stock investments.

    The Need For Demat Account

    When trading and investing in stocks in India, a Demat (Dematerialised) account is required. This account replaces traditional physical share certificates with electronic certificates, making transactions convenient, secure, and faster. The reasons given below explain why a Demat account is needed.

    • Safety

    It eliminates the risk of theft, damage, or loss in the case of physical share certificates.

    • Convenience

    As far as buying and selling are concerned, the Demat account helps engage in this and holds the securities electronically.

    • Cost And Accessibility

    A demat account will always be cost-effective as it helps eliminate paperwork that may incur additional costs. A person can access a wide range of financial instruments, such as mutual funds, government securities, bonds, and equities, through a Demat account.

    Steps To Open A Demat Account

    There are a few steps that you must follow to open a Demat account, and they’ve been mentioned as follows:

    • Starting With A Depository Participant Known As DP

    You will first have to select a registered Depository Participant, which may be any brokerage firm or a bank with the authority to open Demat accounts.

    • Going Through The Application Process

    Once you choose a Depository Participant, you will have to fill out a form that your DP provides. The form will have fields for you to mention your personal information, such as contact information, KYC details, and others.

    • Doing Kyc Verification

    KYC, the 'Know Your Customer' verification process, has to be done by submitting the necessary documents, such as an Aadhaar Card, Passport, Voter ID, or PAN card, and then KYC verification is successful.

    • Verification Process

    The Depository Participant is responsible for verifying the submitted documents and checking the details you have filled in the application form. 

    • Signing The Agreement

    You may encounter some outlined terms and conditions, which you will have to sign. Once you do that, your Demat account opening will reach the last process of account activation.

    • Account Activation

    Once all the information is verified and no document is left to be submitted as per the requirement, your DP will provide you with the account details that you can use along with the login credentials for your Demat account for you to access from now on. 

    Charges Of Opening A Demat Account

    Different charges apply to having a Demat account and maintaining it throughout the year. Let’s know about them:

    • Account Opening Fee

    It is a one-time fee that your Depository Participant may charge for setting up the Demat account, and the amount may vary for each Depository Participant.

    • Annual Maintenance Charges

    Of course, your DP will levy an annual fee to maintain your Demat account. This fee will cover the cost of record-keeping, account maintenance, and other relevant expenses that DP has to incur.

    • Transaction Charges

    DP also imposes different transaction fees for buying and selling securities, and the Stock Exchange may charge you through a Demat account. 

    For transparency, always clarify your doubts regarding transaction charges before opening a Demat account. These charges are also variable, depending on the volume and type of transactions.

    • Debit Transaction Charges

    The charges apply when you debit securities from your Demat account, especially when you sell your shares. DP also facilitates the transfer of securities out of your Demat account, and as a result, it may charge a certain amount.

    Documents Required To Open A Demat Account

    Various types of documents are required to open a Demat account, and they have been mentioned in the details below. The four different types of documents that you need to submit when you want to open a Demat account are as follows:

    Proof Of Identity

    Any one of the following documents is required to submit for proof of identity to open a Demat account.

    • Aadhaar card

    • Pan card

    • Passport

    • Driver’s license

    • online government-issued photo identity card

    • Voter id 


    Proof Of Address

    Any one of the following documents is required for proof of address:

    • Aadhaar card

    • Passport

    • Driver’s license

    • Voter ID card

    • Utility bills which include gas, water, or electricity bills (should not be older than 3 months)

    • Rent Agreement

    • Ration card



    They must also submit a passport-size photo

    Income Proof If Asked For By The Depository Participant

    • Salary slip

    • bank statements

    • Income tax returns 

    All these requirements may vary depending upon the Depository Participant, and all the documents must be up-to-date and valid.

    How To Start Investing In Stocks Through Demat Account

    A few crucial points need to be kept in mind if you want to invest in stocks and get good returns. Let’s know some of the essential points given as follows:

    • Having Deep Research And Education In Stock Marketing

    You must understand the stock market's variable factors and the risks involved. You need to make yourself fundamentally strong regarding stocks, have some investment strategies, and be an expert in technicality and stock market trends.

    • Carefully Select A Broker.

    Having a reputable brokerage firm will help you get good returns on your investment. A good broker may offer trading services linked to Demat accounts, which will definitely be beneficial in the long term.

    • Fund In The Account And Placing Orders

    You must start transferring funds to your trading account linked with the Demat account. Once you can use the platform and understand the options given in your Demat account, you can place buy or sell orders according to your preference for investment.

    • Investment Monitoring And Remaining Informed

    If you want to know how your investment is doing in your Demat account, you must monitor it per the market trends to understand your performance. You must stay up-to-date with the financial news and announcements, which will be great if you want to make good returns on your investment.


    The term "demat account" or "dematerialization account" refers to an easier method of storing bonds, shares, mutual funds, government securities, mutual funds, exchange-traded funds (ETFs), and insurance. Demat Accounts lower the possibility of damage or loss by eliminating the requirement for physical share certificates. 

    NIWS, the well-known stock market institute, provides this guide to help investors start investing in stocks. It explains the need for a Demat account and the process of opening one.

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